Under Eye Dark Circles – Causes, Prevention, Treatment

Under-eye dark circles and puffy eyes

Getting bags under the eyes in the form of swelling, puffiness, and even pigmentation is natural, but multiple skincare habits can reduce their appearance significantly. As aging progresses, some of the muscles around the eyelids, and other tissues around the eyes weaken. The normal subcutaneous fat that supports the eye moves to the lower lids resulting in a puffier appearance. 

Causes of under-eye circles:

Here are a few different reasons that under-eye puffiness and dark circles arise:

  • Retaining fluid in the under eyes, especially when you just wake up or eat salty foods.
  • Not getting enough sleep which would help the body process water instead of retaining it. 
  • Being dehydrated can cause the body to retain water in an attempt to keep it hydrated.
  • Having an allergic reaction to food, dust, pollen, and more.
  • Consumption of dehydrating substances like smoking, alcohol, and coffee.
  • Genetic inheritance if under-eyes run in your family. 


Here are some ways to prevent under-eye bags:

  • Apply a cool compress to the area: You can use a washcloth, a cold skincare tool, or an ice cube in a napkin. As you sit up, apply the compress to the skin both around and under your eyes. Use mild pressure and keep applying the compress to your skin for a few minutes. 
  • Reduce salt intake and avoid drinking too much fluid before bedtime: Overnight, whatever liquids you drink may be retained in the body instead of getting flushed out. Similarly, salt can help the body retain fluid quicker so reducing your intake of salt can help prevent under- bags and puffiness. 
  • Avoid smoking: Smoking contains dehydrating properties, it can also cause your skin to age faster and reduce the amount of moisture your skin can hold over time. This can make dark circles worse. 
  • Get enough sleep. Getting a decent 7-9 hours of bed rest each night will enable your body to flush out liquids well during the day. Over time, this should prevent under-eye puffiness.  
  • Sleep with your head slightly raised. If you’ve tried all the above, but your under-eyes still seem to be retaining lots of fluid, you could also prop your head up slightly with an extra pillow. This can prevent fluid from building up around your eyes as you sleep.

How to treat under-eye puffiness and dark circles:

To treat your under-eye area, try the following: 

  • Vitamin C: Vitamin C has been shown to noticeably brighten the skin, especially darker skin under the eye. You can find multiple under-eye creams with Vitamin C, but using a face serum specifically under the eyes is also effective. Just ensure you apply it at a centimetre’s distance from your eyes since the serum will travel on your face and could get into your eyes. 
  • SPF 50: Another way to brighten the under-eye area is to start protecting it with SPF. Over time, as your pigmentation fades, the SPF will prevent your skin from getting further hyperpigmented when exposed to the sun. The Auravedic Vitamin C cream with SPF will give you under-eye brightening along with UV protection. 
  • Avocado oil: Using avocado oil, which is rich in Vitamin C and deeply nourishing can keep the skin moisturised under the eye while also brightening the area over time. 
Skincare Routine For Hyperpigmentation
Best Ayurvedic Face Oils in India | Auravedic

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