Q1. What is pigmentation?
Pigmentation refers to the colouring of the skin. It is the tone and colour given to your skin by the melanin present in the cells.
Q2. What is hyper pigmentation?
Hyper pigmentation is a skin disorder that affects the colour of your skin.
It is a condition that causes your skin to darken. This can affect some parts of your skin or your entire body.
Q3. What are the different causes of hyper pigmentation
- Sun damage is the most common cause of skin pigmentation and usually affects the parts of the body that are most frequently exposed to the sun. Improper protection from the sun whether indoors or outdoors can potentially damage the skin and cause melanin to get overactive causing skin darkening, uneven skin tone and spots.
- Certain types of medication
- Severe Acne
- Pregnancy hormones
- Endocrine diseases
- Trauma to the skin or irritation
Q4. Are Melasma and Hyperpigmentation the same
Melasma is a type of hyperpigmentation. It frequently appears as symmetric darkened patches on the face primarily during pregnancy.
A sudden change in hormones is one of the main causes of Melasma and it most often goes away after pregnancy. Although unprotected sun exposure to the affected part can worsen the condition, making it difficult to treat even after pregnancy.
Q5. Are Dark Spots and Hyperpigmentation the same?
Dark Spots are also a type of hyper pigmentation that may be caused by any of the above reasons including sun exposure, aging of the skin and acne scars.
Q6. How Can One Treat Hyper Pigmentation
Hyper pigmentation can be treated naturally or medically.
Medical hyperpigmentation treatment
There are several medical treatment options available. These include:
- chemical peels
- intense pulsed light (IPL)
- laser resurfacing
Natural Hyperpigmentation Remedies
These can be done using home remedies or applying naturally derived beauty products that are specifically formulated to help hyper pigmentation.
Using natural Ingredients that are known to help skin discoloration is always a safer and sustainable option as you can continue your treatment for as long as you like.
Ingredients like turmeric, saffron and sandalwood have been known to not only fade pigmentation patches but also help protect skin from further damage.
Q7. How Can I Prevent Hyperpigmentation?
- Prevention is always better than cure. A good skin care regime is helpful to keep your skin problem free. This means indulging in a regular cleansing, toning, moisturising and protecting routine.
- Make Sun Screen with a broad spectrum your friend and use daily whether indoors or outdoors.
- Keep your skin hydrated and moist externally and internally. This boosts skin cells turnover and helps rejuvenate them.
- Limit the trauma to your skin, like constantly picking on acne and breakouts. Aggressive beauty treatments like waxing also cause internal skin injury that can increase flare-ups.
- Avoid unnecessary medication that can add to your skin woes.
- Include plenty of coloured fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet to boost your skin cells.
Q8. How long does it take to treat hyper pigmentation?
When you develop hyperpigmentation, the time it takes for the marks to disappear depends on the severity and cause of your condition and the number of years since the problem exists.
Acne induced hyperpigmentation may take a few months to lighten. Sun spots if severe or old may take at least 6 months to reduce.
Hormonal changes and ups and downs in the body, limit the success of the treatment.
Any previous abuse to the skin such as harsh chemicals can also slow down the process of reducing pigmentation.
Whatever the reason, hyperpigmentation can become a cause for great distress especially since it mainly shows up on the face.
It is never too early to start your skin care and skin treatment journey.
It is firmly believed that any form of remedies that aresafe for your skin must be startedat the earliest to catch the problem before it magnifies.
Waiting for 100% results and not starting your treatment will only increase the problem as time goes by.
After all Skin Care is a lifelong commitment.